Built in 1849 as the terminus of the Philadelphia, Wilmington, and Baltimore Railroads, President Street Station was an important junction for the Underground Railroad and the Civil War. It was the site of the first bloodshed of the war on April 19, 1861, when Southern sympathizers clashed with Massachusetts volunteers en route to Washington. The 1849 train station, one of the oldest in the country, houses a permanent collection that tells of Baltimore during the Civil War and also addresses Maryland’s railroad history and the building’s role in the Underground Railroad.
Today, the oldest surviving railroad station in an urban setting, President Street Station, stands proudly among new skyscrapers and a redeveloped waterfront. Sited near Baltimore’s Inner Harbor, Harbor East, and Little Italy neighborhoods, the station welcomes visitors to learn about Baltimore’s 19th-century railroads, perilous journeys to freedom along the Underground Railroad, President Lincoln’s travels through the city, and how Massachusetts soldiers traveling through in 1861 confronted danger and death just steps away from the station’s grand entrance.
- Category: Education & Museum